|Dutch Colonial Revival Roof – By joshua_putnam Via (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)|
What is Colonial Style?
Colonial times started in the late 1700s, when many European countries began to colonize North America.
Despite historic colonial style coming from a number of different countries, there are certain characteristics, and historically correct colors, which all colonial style houses display. Windows – The most notable features of all colonial houses are the striking windows. Large windows, with many panes of glass were the norm, and either circular or semi-circular windows appearing towards the very top of the building, under the eaves. Windows of this period, were often flanked by exterior shutters.
The Different Styles of a Colonial Home
As well as the main characteristics shared by most homes of the period, colonial style houses show their differences, according to the area the colonizing European countries were from.
|British Colonial – By Wally Gobetz Via (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)|
- Colonial Dutch style houses are usually smaller than most, and are only 1, or sometimes 2 stories. The roofs of Dutch colonial houses were steeply pitched, usually in one or two stages, rather than one single roof line, and include flared eaves.
- Colonial German houses were usually built of brick, but revival styles can be of a timber construction. Roofs are moderately pitched. The most noticeable things about German colonial homes are the details that were integrated over the top of window frames, either in brick, or added stone pieces.
- Colonial Spanish homes are very easy to identify, through their use of adobe as a building method/material to construct the home. They also bucked the trend for steep roofs, opting instead for long, low sloping roofs, using terracotta tile.
- Colonial French architecture is a little more “fancy” than most, utilizing columns and pillars, especially over the front door to portray a more grand entrance to the home.
- Colonial British styles almost always used brick and very grand in appearance. British Colonial homes relied on the huge windows, and detail of the bricks around the windows, and often corners of the house, to make any kind of pattern.
Images of Colonial Style Homes
|Dutch Colonial Revival – By joshua_putnam Via (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)|
|Spanish Colonial Revival – By Michael Smith Via (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)|
|French Colonial – By Ken Lund Via (CC BY-SA 2.0)|
|German Colonial – By Claudio Sepulveda Geoffroy Via (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)|
Authentic Colors for Colonial Homes – House Colours
Choosing historically correct colors for colonial houses is not such a difficult task as you may think. Colored paints in colonial times were obviously not as varied as the many house paint colors we have to choose from today. Red was a fashionable color, especially for front doors – in fact many colonial revival houses in New England still show evidence of this today. It has been said that red was used on doors as a sign of welcome to passing travelers.
|Colonial Exterior – By Bill Barber Via (CC BY-NC 2.0)|
Black was also a paint that was heavily used in colonial America, usually to paint the exterior window shutters.
In the main, pure white is not a historically correct color for colonial style houses, as white zinc didn’t appear until the 19th century, but many revival houses use it as a perfect backdrop to the striking black and red, that are historically correct.
Colonial style houses, whatever their country of influence, are striking ambassadors in the world of American architecture for homes.
Classic American House StylesAuthentic colors and characteristics of popular American house designs including Ranch style, Craftsman, Victorian, and Colonial styles are examined in this series of Classics of American house architecture, along with plenty of pictures to help identify them.
- Exterior of Ranch Style Homes
- Guide to the Exterior of Craftsman Style Homes with Pictures
- Paint Your Colonial Style House in Historically Accurate Colors
- Authentic Colors for Victorian House Exteriors
Resources & Image Credits
- The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation: http://www.history.org/
- Colonial Architecture: http://www.designevolutions.com/architectural-styles/colonial-architecture/
- What are Colonial Style Houses?: http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-colonial-style-houses.htm
- Dutch Colonial Revival – joshua_putnam: https://www.flickr.com/photos/jputnam/489068999/, https://www.flickr.com/photos/jputnam/489251460/
- Spanish Colonial Revival – Michael: https://www.flickr.com/photos/kansas_sebastian/3664069477/
- French Colonial – Ken Lund: https://www.flickr.com/photos/kenlund/3935043053/
- German Colonial – Claudio Sepulveda Geoffroy: https://www.flickr.com/photos/elessar/3270262970/
- British Colonial – Wally Gobetz: https://www.flickr.com/photos/wallyg/1198874589/
- Colonial exterior shutter – Bill Barber: https://www.flickr.com/photos/wdwbarber/2677494982/