We usually see the walls of different buildings painted in different color schemes. While colors make your walls look appealing and beautiful, they also serve the purpose of protecting the walls from harsh weather conditions and providing a sense of freshness and newness.
These paints are manufactured by several multinational big companies and are sold under fancy brand names, rather than using technical names.
This makes it difficult for a homeowner with limited knowledge of paint to understand what type of paint is he or she choosing for painting or refurbishing the walls of her place.
While comparing paints from different companies, people get so confused by the names they don’t really understand if they are comparing two similar category paints or not. Sometimes they end up comparing exterior paint to interior paint.
Today, in this article we are going to discuss different types of house paints. Keep reading to learn more.
Whitewash or Limewash
Whitewash or limewash is the most inexpensive form of paint that is prepared by mixing powdered chalk or slaked lime in water. It is ideal for whitening ceilings and walls. To make the whitewash colorful and stable, a color pigment and binder like Fevicol are mixed with the whitewash.
Based on your requirement you can vary the number of coats. For white walls, applying two coats of lime paint would be good. Whereas, if you want a colorful wall, apply the first coat of whitewash and then add pigment to the mixture and apply it twice on the wall.
While mixing lime with water, the mixture produces heat for the first few minutes due to the chemical combination between them. So, be cautious if you wish to do it yourself.
Distempers are water based paints that are classified as a better version of whitewash since their primary constituent is also chalk and lime. The other components of the distemper are water and color pigments if required.
Distempers are known as cement paint and are applied directly over plaster, no primer is necessary. It is available in both liquid and powder forms and can last more than 4 years.
Oil paints are categorized as the slow-drying variety of paints that contains pigment particles suspended in the drying oil. They form a solid layer on exposure to air and contain mineral spirit or solvent as thinner.
The best part is, that oil paints are glossy, smooth, and stain-resistant. They are quite durable in comparison to other forms of paint.
However, it is also necessary to know that oil paints emit toxic fumes which are hazardous to human health. This is the reason oil paints are considered unsuitable as exterior paints.
Emulsion refers to a solution of two non-mixing liquids, like water and oil. In most emulsion paints, water is the solvent that contains additives, pigments, and binders dispersed on the medium.
Usually, the binders used in emulsion paints are epoxy, acrylic, alkyd resins, and resins. Emulsion paints are glossy, offer good flexibility, are easy to dry up, and are good for external and internal surfaces.
Enamel paints are oil-based paints that offer a glossy finish and dry up slowly or quickly depending on the thinner. Mostly, petroleum spirit, white lead, zinc white, and resinous materials are components of enamel paints.
Enamel paints are hard, glossy, and provide good coverage. They are characterized by durability and stain resistance.