Dream Lands Design
You're here: Home » Home Improvement » What Are the 7 Elements of Interior Design?

What Are the 7 Elements of Interior Design?

A well-arranged home is soothing and refreshing to live in. It helps in keeping one’s mind happy and rejuvenated.

A house also says a lot about the owner’s personality and interior design helps in adding personality to your home.

image - What Are the 7 Elements of Interior Design?
What Are the 7 Elements of Interior Design?

There is an increasing demand for interior decoration. People have started showing more interest in home decor more than ever and they are constantly in search of ideas and tips to make their house look like it is straight out of a catalog.

One can learn about interior design to transform the spaces or you can hire an interior designer.

This trend has been increasingly seen in metropolitan areas such as Bangalore, Delhi, Mumbai, etc. You can find interior designers in Bangalore and other metropolitan cities easily.

If you want to transform your house but do not want to splurge on an interior designer, here are few basics you have to know before wearing an interior designer’s hat

7 Elements of Interior Design


Space is the foundation of an interior and is a fundamental concept to understand.

In interior design, one will be working with the available space to achieve functionality or to enhance its design.


Lines help to shape a room and guide the eye. Creating lines using the room’s furnishing and design can create harmony, unity, and contrast.

Creating lines in a room gives a sense of stability, formality, and efficiency.

For eg. highlighting on the horizontal line makes the room appear wider.

Interior designers highlight horizontal lines to make a room appear wider It is important to strike a balance with the incorporation of different lines.

Read Also:

Form or Shape

A form is the shape of the room, in other words, is the physical form of anything present in the room. Forms can be described as either geometric or natural.


A pattern is similar to the texture that makes the room appealing. A pattern is created using a repetitive design and can be found in furnishings, rugs, fabrics, etc.

Some examples of patterns are stripes, motif, animal prints, stripes, etc. The pattern adds style to the room and must be selected considering the room’s size.

Use patterns sparingly in smaller rooms to make them less cluttered.


Light is a critical aspect of interior design, be it man-made or natural. Light helps in enhancing other elements in interior design.

Light can be categorized into three types- task lighting, accent lighting, and mood lighting.

Before choosing lighting in a place it is important to discuss the activities that will be done in the space. Both the quality and quantity should be assessed here.


Choosing the right color is a mix of science and creativity. It is an extremely important element that can create a mood.

The usage of the psychology of color shouldn’t be underestimated as colors can evoke memories and stir emotions, stimulating a physical and psychological response in our bodies.


The texture is an element that is often overlooked. It is the tactile surface of an object or finish.

Texture can bring a unique dimension to the room and give a space a sense of depth.

It can add interest and detail, making it visually pleasing to the eye and give a room a feeling.