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A solid foundation for your house is something that should never be overlooked. Many people may not even know they have foundation issues unless they inspect their property regularly.
Understanding the underlying causes of a foundation crack is essential if you want to address the problem early. Neglecting a foundation issue can lead to less-than-desirable outcomes for your property, including damp, toxic interior conditions.
So, what are the main things you should be aware of when assessing the causes of foundation cracks? Here are the most common causes of foundation issues.
Different Types of Foundation Cracks and Their Causes
Horizontal cracks are the most severe type of foundation cracks; they mean your foundation is shifting. They are usually caused by a combination of hydrostatic pressure and poor drainage.
Vertical cracks are less serious than horizontal cracks but can still say foundation issues. They are often caused by soil settling or expansion and contraction due to temperature changes.
Diagonal cracks can be caused by different factors, including poor drainage, soil settling, and hydrostatic pressure. However, they often indicate a weak foundation.
Consequences of Ignoring Foundation Cracks
If you ignore foundation cracks, the consequences can be expensive. The cracks will continue to grow, causing serious damage to the structure of your home. In addition, water can seep through the cracks, leading to mold and rot.
The cracks can also become a weak point that could result in the collapse of your home. If a natural disaster such as an earthquake occurs, your home could be more vulnerable to damage.
How to Prevent Foundation Cracks
Keep the soil around your foundation in good condition to prevent foundation cracks. Be sure to water the soil and add compost or other organic matter to keep it healthy.
The soil should be firm but not too dry or wet. Inspect the foundation regularly. If you see any cracks, have them repaired as soon as possible.
When to Call a Professional for Help
If you are unsure how to complete a project or task, it is best to call a professional for help. This can save you time and money in the long run since they help in estimating the allocated budget for repairing.
Foundation Crack Repair Options
There are various ways to repair foundation cracks. Which you choose depends on the type of foundation and the severity and location of the crack.
For example, you can use mortar to repair cracks in concrete block foundations, while cracks in poured concrete foundations can be fixed with concrete epoxy.
The best way to repair a foundation crack is to consult a foundation repair specialist, who can assess the crack and recommend the best repair option. Another way to repair (and prevent) cracks is to contact a basement waterproofing company.
Preventing Future Foundation Cracks
To prevent future foundation cracks, have your home’s foundation inspected regularly and repair any cracks as soon as they appear. Waterproofing your foundation can also help to prevent cracks. If you are interested in learning more about house repair or other construction topics, check out some of our other articles.